More than 9 million Canadians live with diabetes or prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance). Out of the 2.7 million Canadians with diagnosed diabetes, 90 per cent (2.4 million) are type 2.

Type 1 vs. Type 2

  • Type 2 is distinguished from type 1 by the fact that the pancreas of a person with type 1 diabetes does not produce insulin, while a person with type 2 diabetes either produces inadequate amounts of insulin or suffers from insulin resistance, an inability to process insulin correctly. Insulin is primarily responsible for breaking down sugars, thereby providing the body with the essential energy necessary to perform normal functions.
  • To date there is no proven way to prevent type 1 diabetes, in contrast, researchers suggest over 50% of type 2 diabetes could be prevented or delayed with healthier eating and increased physical activity.

Diet and Exercise

  • Scientists have long known that there is a link between obesity and a person’s risk of developing diabetes and physical inactivity has a direct impact on a person’s ability to control their blood sugar levels.


  • There is a vast body of evidence (from Canada and Australia) for people with Type 2 diabetes and Heart Disease that consuming low GI (Glycemic Index) rated diets decrease the effect on blood sugar, increase the good cholesterol (HDL), and lower triglycerides (TG). To view my blog post about Glycemic Index – click on

Get advice from a RD

  • If you have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, I suggest you arrange three to four consultations with dietitian.
  • He or she can assist you with food choice, meal planning and timing, plus exercise and activity for weight loss and weight management.